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Croatian Philatelic History

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Rafi
Valued Member
Croatia (Local Name: Hrvatska)
8 Posts

Posted 08/04/2012  07:06 am  Show Profile Bookmark this topic Add Rafi to your friends list  Get a Link to this Message

1850 - 1918

Reform of the post office in England were introduced in the 1840th. in postal stamps as a means of paying for postal services.

On invitation of Austrian Ministry of Commerce, Croatia has determined that the brand (pillar markers), put into operation on 1st June 1850th. Then in Kingdom (on Croatian territory, Slavonia, Dalmatia and Istria) were introduced the Austrian stamps.

After Austria-Hungary signed a settlement (1867.) and after the Croatian-Hungarian Compromise (1868), from 1871. from the places in Croatia and Slavonia the stamps were broadcast to shipment with Hungarian stamps.

After Croatian-Hungary settlement was put into force, Croatia became an independent state,and it wasn't able to print their own stamps until 1918. Above mentioned is the period of Croatian philately. Croatian pre-philatelic material means that all mailed items (those franked Austrian and Hungarian stamps) were sent out some mail on the Croatian territory.

In the late 19th century, in Croatia occurs that some individuals were interested in collecting stamps, and they soon established the Philatelic Society ( in 1896. ). The Croatian Philatelic Society organized in 1907. the First National Philatelic Exhibition, and in 1919 it began publishing the first Croatian philatelic philatelic magazine.

1918.
On the 29th October 1918. Croatian Parliament in Zagreb declared the secession of the Triune Kingdom of Austria-Hungary and declared special State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs. Much of the government jobs were performed in a decentralized manner. Mail- management as a public service was also decentralized. Then they were opened to traffic the first Croatian brands by Croatian government issued orders based on postal office in Zagreb, and that the provisionals (auxiliary, temporary release) made #8203;#8203;reprinting two Hungarian stamps with overprint "SHS / Croatia."

The first Croatian brand as definitive edition came out on the 29th November 1918. Second edition, a series of regular stamps, in circulation since the second half of January 1919. , had the text "State posted Croatia."

In this period, a significant item of Philatelic Museum is a collection of HPT Album was given to Caesar Akacic, the first Croatian Commissioner for mail and telegram to the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs.








1941

From 1941. to 1945. independent State of Croatia issued its own postage stamps. Two days after the proclamation of Croatian independence, on the 12th April 1941., Croatian state published the first stamps, the first official frankoprovizorij (support regular edition) of Croatian Independent States.


From stamps with overprint , provisionals published seven editions, and one edition frankomaraka portomaraka (official postal subsequent postage charges). Other editions were printed as "definitive" editions. Pushed and commemorative issues such as the famous Croats - Zrinski and Frankopan, and several official stamp franking parcels were intended for postal traffic among state institutions.


By the end of May 1945. ISC a postal administration issued 46 stamps of various issues.





- 1945.



1991.

Three months after the parliamentary decision on proclamation of Croatian independence, a month before its entry into force on 9th September 1991. was put into circulation the first of Croatian postage stamp. Following a number of regular, occasional and charity stamp.








to date



Edited by Rafi - 08/04/2012 07:35 am
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Plateflaw
Valued Member


Australia
445 Posts

Posted 08/04/2012  08:30 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add Plateflaw to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply

Thank you Rafi. Very interesting information.

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Londonbus1
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Stamp Community SupporterSupporter!


Israel
5829 Posts

Posted 08/04/2012  09:33 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add Londonbus1 to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply

Great thread, lovely items.

More please.

Londonbus1

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BeeSee
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Canada
4558 Posts

Posted 08/04/2012  09:53 am  Show Profile Check BeeSee's eBay Listings Bookmark this reply Add BeeSee to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply

Thank you Rafi, excellent postal history lesson.


BeeSee in BC
"The Postmark is Mightier than the Stamp"
http://brcstamps.com ---- BNAPS, RPSC, APS
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Wadmalatz
Pillar Of The Community


Romania
827 Posts

Posted 08/04/2012  10:19 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add Wadmalatz to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply

Thanks! Great informations.
Many cancellations on Autrian or Hungarian stamps are sought-after. This one is not that rare:
Muraszentmaria (Mura-Sz-Maria/92/NOV/3) = now Sveta Marija pmk. on 5 kr black numeral Hungary:




(Listed in Gudlin: Classic Postmarks of Hungary, 100 points on Black Numerals)

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Rafi
Valued Member
Croatia (Local Name: Hrvatska)
8 Posts

Posted 08/04/2012  11:36 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add Rafi to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply

I am interested in marks on the Austrian and Hungarian stamps, letters and postcards from 1840th to 1860. year in which he writes, "AGRAM".

Agram is the German name for Zagreb, Croatian capital town.

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Rafi
Valued Member
Croatia (Local Name: Hrvatska)
8 Posts

Posted 08/06/2012  11:00 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add Rafi to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply

Croatian postcard from 1919. with overprint "SHS HRVATSKA" over hungary postcards.








This is mixed franking Hungarian and Croatian stamps on R-mail postcards. Rare combination.



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Anglez
Valued Member
United Kingdom
32 Posts

Posted 08/07/2012  1:19 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add Anglez to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply

That period at the end of 1918 is a very confusing one politically. As I understand it the State of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Drzava SHS) was shortlived due to the threat of losing territory to its neighbours, and King Peter of Serbia was offered the crown of the new territory in December 1918, changing its status to a Kingdom (Kraljestvo SHS). I assume that the overprinted SHS stamps were therefore produced in the "State" but issued in the "Kingdom".

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kuhli
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USA
420 Posts

Posted 08/07/2012  5:56 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add kuhli to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply


Quote:
That period at the end of 1918 is a very confusing one politically. As I understand it the State of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Drzava SHS) was shortlived due to the threat of losing territory to its neighbours, and King Peter of Serbia was offered the crown of the new territory in December 1918, changing its status to a Kingdom (Kraljestvo SHS). I assume that the overprinted SHS stamps were therefore produced in the "State" but issued in the "Kingdom".


not to split hairs, or to undermine the information you provide, but to be correct, it was the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, which, when merging with Serbia (and their newly acquired teritory of Montenegro), became the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.

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Anglez
Valued Member
United Kingdom
32 Posts

Posted 08/08/2012  1:13 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add Anglez to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply

Thanks kuhli,
I stand by my opening statement..this period is very confusing politically! but the postal history is fascinating!

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