In the spring of 1939 a special committee headed by Mohammed Ali Jinnah was set up
by the Muslim League to examine various schemes that had already been advanced to
insure the rights of the Muslim minority in India. One of the first of these had been
tentatively sketched by the great Muslim poet, Sir Muhammad Iqbal
, in his presidential
address before the League hi 1930. He advocated a single Muslim state in northwest
India, a state to be endowed with extensive autonomy but forming one of the constituent
elements of a greater all-India federation.
The next development was much more ambitious. In 1933 a group of young Indian
Muslims, led by Chaudhuri Rahmat Ali at Cambridge University in England, circulated a
four-page leaflet calling for the creation of a new state in India, to be called Pakistan. The
authors declared that "India is not the name of one single country, nor the home of one
single nation," and called for the establishment of a Muslim national state in northwest
India. To form the name of this new state,
"P" was taken from Punjab;
"A" from Afghan, a term rep the North-West Frontier prov
"K" from Kashmir;
"S" from Sind; and
"TAN" from the last syllable of Baluchistan.
Map of India and text
"A short history of India and Pakistan"
T Walter Wallbank
Mentor book 1951