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D.b.s.r - The Local Post Of Kustendje And Czernawoda

 
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Valued Member
Romania
302 Posts
Posted 06/18/2013   08:17 am  Show Profile Bookmark this topic Add March to your friends list Get a Link to this Message


















The Danube and Black Sea Railway. THE LOCAL POST of Kustendje and Czernawoda

The Danube and Black Sea Railway (D.B.S.R.) ran between Czernawoda( today Cernavoda-RO ) on the Danube , via Medjidie( Medgidia) and Kustendje (Constanta) on the Black Sea , the latter being the terminus of the main line from Budapest; the railway was 46 miles ( abt. 63 km ) in length.

The D.B.S.R was incorporated in 1857 and completed on 4th October 1860 by the English firm of John Trevor Barkley and John Staniforth. From the date of its completion the D.B.S.R. operated solely for the transit of passengers and mail from the Danube Steam Navigation Company's boats (D.D.S.G.) on the Danube to the Austrian Lloyd Line vessels on the Black Sea .
One train ran in each direction daily and Kustendje became such an important link with the East that Austrians opened a consular post-office in the port.

The local post came into being in 1867 due to an arrangements between D.B.S.R. and the Kustendje Harbour Company for the carriage of mail by the railway ; at the same time a stamp of 20 paras denomination was issued by the D.B.S. R. to frank these letters.

The stamp ( #1 attached , from my collection ) was lithographed by M.Kaiser of Vienna in black on yellowish green paper. Stamp description : within the panel on the left are the letters D.B.S.R, within that at the top LOCAL-POST , on the right KUSTENDJE & CZERNAWODA, while the bottom contains the inscription 20 PARAS . In the corner squares there are Turkish numerals for 20.
The stamp shows a rough drawing of a harbour , surrounded by a mountain range, with a railway line and train running close to the sea-shore , while the sky contains the star and crescent of Turkey ; the view represent the harbour of Kustendje ( today Constanta) and D.B.S.R. train.

The DBSR stamps are generally found used in two ways, (a) on local letters between the towns Czernawoda ,Medjidie and Kustendje on the 46 miles long railway, (b) in combination with the stamps of Austrian Levant or Lombardy-Venetia ( # 2 attached )

Three types of handstamped cancellations are known , all single line circle : LLOYD AGENZIE KUSETNDJE, with day and month in centre, and no year indication ; KUSTENDJE TURQUIE, with day, month, year in centre; KUSTENDJE, with day, month and year in centre ( # 3 attached ).Manuscript cancellation are occasionally encountered.

On the celebration of 125 years of D.B.S.R. inauguration , in 1985 the Romanian Post Office issued a set of 6 postal stationery ( Code 0110-0115/85) which illustrate : the old rail away station of Kustendje(1900); "Ovidiu" first locomotive of the company ( built by Beyer,Peacock & Co. Ltd,Manchester,1860) ; 1st class coach ( Wright & Sons, Birmingham); 2nd class coach ( Wright & Sons, Birmingham); 3rd class coach( Wright & Sons, Birmingham); luggage van ( Wagon Comp. Glocester, 1860 ).

On October 4, 1985 the Philatelic Club of Constanta ( former Kustendje) used on the above-mentioned postal stationery two special postmarks . Attached ( #4) you can see (from my collection) one special postmark on the postal stationery showing the first locomotive of DBSR, and the second postmark on postal stationery ( # 5) illustrating the luggage van.


Bibliography :

1. The Danube and Black Sea Railway (The Local Post of Kustendje and Czernawoda 1867-1872) : Denwood N. Kelly, The London Philatelist, 1951, Vol. LX, pages 68 & 81
2. The private ship letter stamps of the world, Part 2, Australia-Europe-South America: by S.Ringstrom and H.E.Tester, 1976 ,Skogs Trelleborg,


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Edited by March - 06/18/2013 4:53 pm

Pillar Of The Community
United States
5774 Posts
Posted 06/18/2013   3:08 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add Cjd to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Nice write up. I especially appreciate seeing the cancels.

Do you know if these are the only legitimate cancels? (I've seen square/rectangular cancels that look a bit dodgy.)
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Rest in Peace
Canada
5701 Posts
Posted 06/18/2013   3:40 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add BeeSee to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Thanks for sharing March. That is a really nice cover!
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BeeSee in BC
"The Postmark is Mightier than the Stamp"
http://brcstamps.com ---- BNAPS, RPSC, APS
Valued Member
Romania
302 Posts
Posted 06/18/2013   4:39 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add March to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
@ Cjd
Those 3 are the only DBSR handstamped cancellations known since 1910 !

The square/rectangular cancels you mention about could be DDSG post markings.
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Pillar Of The Community
United States
1128 Posts
Posted 06/18/2013   4:43 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add ncbuckeye to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Interesting write up - you did your research!
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Pillar Of The Community
United States
5774 Posts
Posted 06/18/2013   4:57 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add Cjd to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply

Quote:
The square/rectangular cancels you mention about could be DDSG post markings.


That's thinking positively......I was headed more in the direction of 'forgery.'
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Valued Member
Romania
302 Posts
Posted 06/19/2013   04:42 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add March to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
@ Cjd
For more than 100 years no other cancels came up on the market but the three I did mention.
But if your square/rectangular cancels would be genuine than you could hit the jackpot !
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Valued Member
370 Posts
Posted 06/19/2013   2:10 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add stamps101 to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
What is that first stamp worth? I have one but had never catalogued it.
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Valued Member
Romania
302 Posts
Posted 06/19/2013   4:22 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add March to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
@ stamps101

Price ? Depending of what you have in hand because in addition to the genuine stamps there are 3 types of reprints and 5 types of forgeries !
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Edited by March - 06/19/2013 4:34 pm
Pillar Of The Community
United States
4522 Posts
Posted 01/21/2018   7:12 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add floortrader to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Thank you March for the posting and write up you done -----Excellent work !!
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Pillar Of The Community
United States
4522 Posts
Posted 01/25/2018   11:12 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add floortrader to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Made up this page today and added to the excellent work already done on this subject .
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Valued Member
Thailand
10 Posts
Posted 02/26/2020   06:11 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add kamarada to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Hi, I'm not 100% sure about this one. Looks like a re-print and used. Is this from 1866?
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Australia
28783 Posts
Posted 02/26/2020   06:55 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add rod222 to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Opinion: Forgery
Not 1st reprint (line of R to frame missing)
Not 2nd reprint no rays on star
Not 3rd reprint no corner angles

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