On the Scott number 2, the red cancel is the most common cancel as it stands out the most and the greatest concern of the PO at this time was the re-use of stamps. Other than the Scott Specialized Catalogue there is no guide to the differences in value for the different color cancellations. In my experience a true green cancellation (think Kelly green) is always worth more than the Scott Catalogue value. There is no mordern work that gives you rarity factors for cancellations on the the 1847 issue, however, Tom Alexander's "Simpson's US Postal Markings, 1851-61" will show some of the cancellations that are found on 1847 issues as well as 1851-7 issues. This books is available as a free downloadable .pdf from the US Classics Society: http://www.uspcs.org/resource-cente...nic-library/
It has rarity factors which can give you an idea as to how scarce some cancellations are. Hardbound copies can be purchased from Leonard Hartmann.