I have an amazing 3c Washington usage to share today.
US Classic Stamps underwent a complete transformation in 1861.
With the outbreak of the American Civil War in April 1861, the United States Government demonetized all of the postage stamp issues from 1847 to 1860, in order to prevent their use by postmasters and postal patrons within the Confederate States of America.
In May 1861, the Postmaster General ordered all postmasters within the United States to return their inventories of old stamps to Washington, D.C. It was further ordered that any letters received from the secessionist states, utilizing the old stamps, were to be treated as unpaid and were to be held for payment of postage. Unpaid letters that were not called-for were to be sent to the Dead Letter Office in Washington, D.C.
The government printing contract with Toppan, Carpenter, & Co. expired in June 1861, and the new contract to produce United States postage stamps was awarded to the National Banknote Co. Beginning in August 1861, the new redesigned United States postage stamps were issued.
This generated some postal markings that were used for a very short time - especially the rare "OLD STAMPS - NOT RECOGNIZED"
I would love to find a nice example of this marking on a 3c Washington. I keep my eyes open for any usage around this time period. and I eventually found this gem:
Philadelphia Pa. Sep 4 1861, black datestamp on cover to Fort Snelling, Minnesota, 1857 3c Dull red single and strip of three (26, small faults) all tied by large targets, two strikes of matching straightline "Ship", very fine, an interesting legal use of the 1857 issue after they had been demonetized in Philadelphia, this cover probably originated on the West Coast where the stamps had not yet been demonetized and postal regulations required they be recognized, 12c franking prepays 10c postage plus the 2c ship fee, ex-Kramer and Fortgang.
The stamps aren't perfect & neither is the cover - but find me another one and I will be interested!!
(October 8, 1899 – August 5, 1960) New York City
Fortgang was a specialist and student of the U.S. one-cent 1851-1857 issues. From 1946, he concentrated on that issue and collaborated with Stanley B. Ashbrook on the plating of the difficult plates 3 and 5. Fortgang was instrumental in forming the U.S. 3-cent 1851-57 Unit of the APS (now the U.S. Philatelic Classics Society) and was its first treasurer.
He was Associate Chairman (with William W. Hicks) of the "Perforation Centennial" celebrating the centennial of the issue of the first perforated U.S. stamps in 1857. Mortimer Neinken was General Chairman. This event was held at the National Philatelic Museum in Philadelphia in July 1957. Fortgang presented two papers published in the Perforation Centennial Book - "The Centennial of United States Perforated Stamps," and "The 1-cent Stamp 1851-1857."