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The Ramayana - The Great Hindu Epic

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Bedrock Of The Community
United States
18017 Posts
Posted 07/23/2020   11:17 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add KuoLC5310 to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
The Indonesia BALIPHEX 2019 special folder contains two souvenir sheets featuring Ramayana paintings.

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Edited by KuoLC5310 - 07/23/2020 11:28 am
Pillar Of The Community
Israel
640 Posts
Posted 07/25/2020   06:13 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add LaoPhil to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Many thanks, KuoLC5310, for sharing these great Indonesian SS's which I didn't know about and for sure I will add them to my Ramayana collection

Angada and Hanuman

The thankful Sugriva, send party leaded by the monkeys Angada and Hanuman to search for Sita. They learned from Sampati the vulture that Sita was abducted to the Island of Lanka. They informed Rama with the new information about Sita.

Angada Khon mask, issued by Thailand on July 1, 1981:

Angada breaks down the Lanka city gate, Emerald Buddha temple wall painting, Bangkok, issued by Thailand on July 17, 1973:

Hanuman monkey-god, Sunken die proof in monochrome signed by artist of a stamp designed by Marc Leguay and engraved by Jean Pheulpin, issued by Laos on October 28, 1955:
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Israel
640 Posts
Posted 08/01/2020   12:19 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add LaoPhil to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
The War Starts

When Hanuman realized that Sita was abducted, he crossed the ocean to Lanka. He found her threatened by Ravana and offered to take her back to Rama. She refuses to be carried by a man and asked Rama himself comes to rescue her. Meanwhile, Hanuman fought Ravana's army and destroyed the city. He returned to Rama with the new information about Sita location.

Hanuman protecting Sita, by Dojotan of Mas, issued by Grenada on August 13, 1993:

Cover sent from Hanumannagar, Nepal, 1904:

Hanuman flying to Lanka to rescue Sita - India, 2017:


When Rama and Lakshmana received Hanuman's report on Sita, they proceeded toward the shore of Lanka with their army. Hanuman enlarged his body and constructed a bridge for the army to cross the rivers. To cross the sea, the monkeys constructed a bridge, known as Rama Setu. Meanwhile, Ravana sent his army led by his brother Kumbhakarna. A lengthy battle ensued between the two armies.

Hanuman forms a bridge over the river, Emerald Buddha temple wall painting, Bangkok, Thailand - Thailand, 1973:

Kumbhakarna, Ravana's army commander, Mask from Khon theater - Thailand, 1975:

attack of the monkey warriors on Kumbhakarna, relief from Angkor, Cambodia - India, 2018:
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Edited by LaoPhil - 08/01/2020 12:23 am
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Posted 08/15/2020   4:45 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add LaoPhil to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Underwater duel between Hanuman and Matsya

The monkey army, headed by Hanuman, started to construct a bridge to cross the sea to Lanka, in order to rescue Sita. The bridge is known as Rama Setu.

Ravana the demon, asked his mermaid daughter, Matsya, to disturb building the bridge. Thus, the fish removed the stones and prevented the construction. When Hanuman realized it, he fought Matsya, Ravana's daughter. During the duel, she fall in love with him and ordered to stop destroy the bridge.

Here are several stamps and items depicting the duel between Hanuman and the mermaid Matsya:

Kingdom of Cambodia, issued on April 13, 2006:

Kingdom of Laos, designed by Ky Phungchaleun, engraved by Roger Fenneteaux and issued on February 5, 1971:

The design of this stamp is based on a mural engraving from the victory Gate (Patuxai Gate) in Vientiane, Laos. Photo with permission of Anousone Manisouk:

This stamp, issued by Laos on June 16, 2006, depicting sculptures from the Xieng Khouane Buddha Park near Vientiane. The left side of the stamp depicting Hanuman and Matsya's stone relief from the near temple (see enlargement detail below):


Kingdom of Cambodia, national ballet dancers, issued on October 9, 2001:
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Pillar Of The Community
Israel
640 Posts
Posted 08/28/2020   11:45 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add LaoPhil to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
During the war between Rama's and Ravana's armies, Ravana erected a large parasol in order to darken the sky over Rama's army. Sugriva enlarged his body, chanted a mantra and broke the parasol.

Sugriva breaking Ravana's parasol, Emerald Buddha temple wall painting, Bangkok, issued by Thailand on July 17, 1973:

During the war, Hanuman placed the pavilion of Rama in his mouth to protect him but Mahiravan (Mayarab), Ravana's brother, King of underworld, was able to kidnapped Rama.

Hanuman protecting Rama in his mouth, Emerald Buddha temple wall painting, Bangkok, issued by Thailand on April 3, 2015:

Mahiravan (Mayarab) Khon mask, issued by Thailand on July 1, 1981:

Indrajit, Ravana's son, joined the battle when all his brothers and Kumbakharna had been killed by Rama's army. Indrajit fought with Rama's army for three days and was killed by Lakshmana with the help of Garuda and Hanuman.

Indrajit Khon mask, issued by Thailand on July 1, 1981:

Angada, Indrajit's half-brother, receives Indrajit's head on a cup after he was killed in the battle, carved capital, Wat Xieng Thong, Luang Prabang, Laos, issued by the Kingdom of Laos on January 10, 1970:
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India
9 Posts
Posted 08/29/2020   2:10 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add sksondhi1 to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Indonesia during Baliphex 2019 also issued set of 5 limited edition stamps and souvenir sheets on Ramayana featuring Rama, Sita, Lakshman, Hanuman and Jatayu.








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Pillar Of The Community
Israel
640 Posts
Posted 09/27/2020   10:55 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add LaoPhil to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
When Rama's army landed the shore of Lanka, Hanuman sneaked into Ravana's palace and began destroying it, but was caught. Ravana ordered his servants to wrap Hanuman's tail in sheets and set it on fire. When he was paraded in the city, Hanuman freed himself, and, jumping from one house to the next, he set the island of Lanka on fire.

Hanuman monkey-god burn down Lanka city with his burning tail, issued by Indonesia on January 24, 2016 to celebrate the 2016 Year of the Monkey:

Hanuman jumping over Lanka with his burning tail, post card issued in India, early 20th century:

During the war, Lord Rama and Lakshmana were seriously wounded. Hanuman flew to the Himalayas to bring the medicinal herb Sanjiwani, but he could not identify it so he carried the entire mountain and brought it to Rama.

Hanuman brings the mountain, issued by India on September 22, 2017:


Hanuman flew to the Himalayas, post card issued in India, 1904:
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640 Posts
Posted 12/26/2020   10:43 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add LaoPhil to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Slowly the battle turned in favor of Rama and the monkey's army, until finally Rama fought Ravana and killed him. Cries of triumph were sounded everywhere and the monkeys that died on the battle were brought back to life by the Gods.

Rama fighting Ravana - stamps issued by Thailand and Laos:




Rama killing the ten-headed Ravana, Maxicard with stamp issued by India on July 27, 2007:

The victorious Lord Rama and Hanuman monkey-god, wood relief, entrance of the King Sisavang Vong funerary chapel, Luang Prabang, Laos - personal stamp from Israel, 2010:

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Posted 02/27/2021   2:33 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add LaoPhil to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
When the war ended and Ravana and his army were defeated, Lord Rama met Sita again and they returned Ayodhya.

Rama meets Sita, issued by Thailand on on August 3, 2005 to publicize the national stamp exhibition Thaipex '05:

Rama and Sita, painting from Bali, Indonesia, exhibited in Náprstek Museum of Asian, African and American Cultures, Prague - issued by the Czech Republic on March 18, 2009:

Rama and Sita, traditional Thai puppet theater, three dimensional stamp issued by Thailand on August 4, 2009:

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Posted 05/15/2021   03:39 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add LaoPhil to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
On meeting Sita, Rama asked her to undergo Agni Pariksha to prove her purity, since she stayed in the demons city with Ravana. Agni, the fire god, attested Sita purity. Rama and Sita returned Ayodhya, where their coronation was performed.

Agni, the fire god, wood carving from Wat Xiengthong, Luang Prabang, Laos - designed by Sa-Nguan Rodboon, engraved by Robert Cami and issued by Laos on February 21, 1967:

Sita prays before Agni Pariksha, issued by Laos on March 28, 1969:

Coronation of Lord Rama and Sita in Ayodhya, Post card sent from sent from Kamalpur, now in Sitapur district of Uttar Pradesh state to Sambhar, now in Jaypur district of Rajasthan state. 1905. please, see below the comprehensive note by Joy Daschaudhuri:
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Edited by LaoPhil - 05/15/2021 06:30 am
Pillar Of The Community
India
539 Posts
Posted 05/15/2021   05:57 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add Joy Daschaudhuri to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply


The bazar card was actually sent from Kamalpur (27.3932°N 80.8156°E), now in Sitapur district of Uttar Pradesh state.

I am quite certain the cds on Br. India 1905 ĽA on ˝A SG 148 is of Kamalpur Railway Station.

Sambhar (26.9096°N 75.1859°E) was the destination, then located inside the territory of the Indian Feudatory State of Jaypur, now in Jaypur district of Rajasthan state.

The city of Sambhar on the banks of saline Lake Sambhar, was an important center of salt trade which resulted heavy traffic of bulk business mail to and from Sambhar via Nawa and Kuchaman Road.
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640 Posts
Posted 05/15/2021   06:32 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add LaoPhil to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Joy, nice to "meet" you again! thank you very much for the correction and the comprehensive description. I updated my post.

I have several more PC's from British India and will post them with time.
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Posted 06/12/2021   11:53 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add LaoPhil to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Despite the agni pariksha of Sita, rumors about her purity were spreading in Ayodhya. Rama banished Sita to the forest, where the sage Valmiki provided shelter in his Ashrama (hermitage). There she gave birth to twin boys, Lava and Kusha. They sang the Ramayana in the presence of Rama. When they recited about Sita's exile, Rama became grievous, and Valmiki produced Sita. She called upon the Earth, her mother, to receive her and as the ground opened, she vanished into it. Rama learnt that Lava and Kusha are his children. Later a messenger from the gods informed Rama that the mission of his incarnation was over. Rama returned to his celestial abode.

Lava and Kusha, issued by the Kingdom of Cambodia on April 13, 2006:

Lord Rama and Sita, designed by Marc Leguay, engraved by Jean Pheulpin and issued by the Kingdom of Laos on October 28, 1955:

Indra and Shiva were concerned about the quarrel between Rama and Sita and summoned them for a council. They were reminded that they had been sent by the gods to restore peace.

god Indra, stone relief, Wat Phu Champassak temple, Old PC issued by Alfred Raquez, Laos - 1906:

god Shiva, issued by Suriname on June 21, 1967 to commemorate the 20th anniversary of Surinam cultural centre:

The main lesson of the Ramayana Epic is:
ALWAYS GOOD WINS OVER EVIL

The Ramayana Ballet, a set of stamps designed by Marc Leguay, engraved by Jean Pheulpin and issued by the Kingdom of Laos on October 28, 1955 on a cover sent registered to Italy:





During the reign of Rama and Sita, the kingdom enjoyed peace and prosperity:


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Edited by LaoPhil - 06/12/2021 12:05 pm
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