What am I missing here?
The tables in Beecher/Wawrukiewicz seem clear ... 40 cents for up to $5.00
B/W uses "<
$5" in the table.
The coverage is $5.00 or less
, which is different than less than $5.00
or up to $5.00
both of which do not include the value of $5.00. Thus the indemnity at 40 cents is for an amount <
$5.00 read as less than or equal to five dollars.
When giving a range B/W for space, writes $X up to $Y with the next step $Y.01 up to $Z with the reader then to deduct take the fee for exactly $Y coverage is included in the up to $Y, not the $Y.01 up to.... This was a space consideration, as "up to" was shorter than "up to and including" and in the B/W tables space was a concern.
It is like the common thought that the first ounce of postage is for matter weight less than an ounce and the second ounce for letters more than an ounce up to two ounces. Well, what if it weights exactly one ounce, 1.00 oz? It is included in the first ounce rate which is really a rate of 1 ounce or less, the second ounce is for matter over one ounce and up to and including exactly two ounces.