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A Judaica Cover Sent To "Hilfsverein Der Juden In Deutschland", From USA To Frankfurt Am 29.8.1941.

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Pillar Of The Community

Croatia (Local Name: Hrvatska)
1101 Posts
Posted 06/23/2022   07:19 am  Show Profile Bookmark this topic Add filipo to your friends list Get a Link to this Message
A very interesting cover, sent very late, maybe even on very the last days of the existence of that Association.

On the back side are some notes added in pencil, probably details about particularly this type of censure, by someone who has been interested in that area of collecting.


HILFSVEREIN DER DEUTSCHEN JUDEN ("Relief Organization of German Jews"), German Jewish organization founded in 1901 to improve the social and political conditions of the Jews in Eastern Europe and the Orient, especially after the pogroms. The Hilfsverein was planned as a central body for German Jewry on the lines of the French *Alliance Israélite Universelle, and its establishment was opposed by the Alliance; some of the German members of the latter created the Deutsche Conferenz Gemeinschaft within the framework of their own organization. On occasions the Hilfsverein policy was guided by pro-German political objectives such as the introduction of German language teaching in its schools in the Balkans and Ottoman Empire. The Hilfsverein established in Palestine a school system from kindergarten to teachers' training college level, with Hebrew as the language of instruction. The attempt to introduce teaching in German at the planned Haifa *Technion in 1913 caused an international furor in Zionist circles. After the Kishinev pogrom, the Hilfsverein called the Vienna Conference of 1903 to organize relief for Russian Jewry, and a similar conference in London in 1905. During the 1905 revolution in Russia it gave financial help to the self-defense groups of the Bund and Zionists. From 1905 to 1914 the Hilfsverein published a weekly, Russische Korrespondenz, in German, English, and French, on the position of the Jews and the liberal and revolutionary movements in Russia. Following a policy of assisting only "organized emigration" of Romanian Jews, the Hilfsverein decided in 1902 not to help those emigrants who were stranded in Germany, but instead to help the Jews in Romania itself. The Hilfsverein became the agent of Jacob *Schiff's project to help Russian Jews to emigrate to the southern United States (the Galveston plan), but in view of the autocratic nature of the German regime was unwilling and unable to assist Jewish emigration to Germany. On the eve of World War I the Hilfsverein had over 10,000 members in Germany, and followers in America, Russia, and Palestine. During the war the Hilfsverein assisted in interdenominational relief work in the occupied territories in Eastern Europe and distributed American relief funds. However, the assimilationist policy of the Hilfsverein and its Eastern European agencies provoked sharp conflicts with the Zionists and other anti-assimilationist groups. As a result the *American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee began to participate to a greater degree in the allocation of funds formally channeled through the Hilfsverein.

After the defeat of Germany, the Hilfsverein ceased to play a major role in international Jewish matters but joined the Alliance and other non-Zionist organizations, though it refused to take part in the efforts for united Jewish representation at the League of Nations. Through its 290 local committees in Germany (in 1930), the Hilfsverein concentrated mainly on helping Jewish emigration from and via Germany (about 350,000 between 1921 and 1936). After the advent of the Nazi Reich, the Hilfsverein (which in 1935 had to change its name to Hilfsverein der Juden in Deutschland, "Relief Organization of Jews in Germany") was unable to continue with relief work abroad. The Hilfsverein initially advised German Jewry to postpone emigration as long as possible but was forced by circumstances to aid those who wished to leave for destinations other than Palestine. It was officially dissolved in 1939 though it continued to exist until 1941 as an emigration section of the *Reichsvertretung der Juden in Deutschland. Between 1933 and 1941 the Hilfsverein assisted over 90,000 persons to emigrate to overseas countries, with the exception of Palestine. Leading personalities of the Hilfsverein were James *Simon (president until 1932), Eugen *Landau, Paul *Nathan, and Max M. *Warburg.
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Valued Member
United Kingdom
117 Posts
Posted 06/23/2022   4:37 pm  Show Profile Check Triangle's eBay Listings Bookmark this reply Add Triangle to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Thanks for posting this. I will look out for similar covers!
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Pillar Of The Community
United Kingdom
1245 Posts
Posted 06/25/2022   1:54 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add Tim H to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Nice cover! Given the political climate in Germany at the time, I'm surprised it was only opened by the censors rather than destroyed. Of course, USA was not at war with Germany, so mail was certainly getting through, albeit with difficulty. A fascinating survivor. Thanks for sharing with us.
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Pillar Of The Community
Croatia (Local Name: Hrvatska)
1101 Posts
Posted 06/26/2022   10:32 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add filipo to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Thank you, Tim. Maybe will be interesting to find out who has worked (or lived) in "Suite 412, 265 West 14th Street" in New York... probably with a good reason that name is ommited.
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