Montserrat, meaning "Sawed Mountain" in Catalan, is a very distinctive isolated mountain located right in the middle of Catalonia, about 40 km SW of Barcelona. Since 881 A.D. it has been the site of a Benedictine Monastery (la Abadia de Montserrat), that holds the shrine of the Virgin of Montserrat, a Romanic black virgin patroness of Catalonia. The mountain and its monastery are both an spiritual, cultural and patriotic reference for Catalans. Also, geographic, as it's easily identified when you're travelling (or trekking) in our country.
Even Richard Wagner placed there the Holy Graal hidding place on this opera "Parsifal". True, in 1941 Goebbels came here to try to find the Graal...
In 1947, after he trauma of the civil war, Catalans gathered to place a new crown on the Virgin's image. It was both a religious and patriotic event, of great significance at that time.
As it was normal by then, there was a cinderella issue to rise founds.
I've carried on a little search on them, as not much information is available.
There are 13 wood engraving cinderellas. The printer was "Oliva de Vilanova", the Barcelona's printer that did also most of Barcelona city council stamps. They were the work two engravers: Antoni Ollé I Pinell (Barcelona, 1897-1981) and another one that signs "C" and that, so far, I've not been able to identify.
The cinderellas show:
Saint Benedictus (Nursia, Germany, 480 - Montecassino, Italy, 547). Founder of the Western Monacate, and Patron of Europe. Montserrat monastery belongs to the Benedictine order.
Abbot Oliba (?, Catalonia, 971 - Cuixà, Catalonia, 1046) one of Catalonia's fathers and founder of the Montserrat Monastery.
Saint Francis of Assisi (Assisi, Italy, 1196 - 1226), Saint Ignatius of Loiola (Azpeitia, Basque Country, 1491 - Rome, 1556), Saint Joseph of Calassanç (Peralta de la Sal, Spain - Rome, 1648)& Saint Antoni Maria Claret (Sallent, Catalonia, 1807 - Fontfreda, France, 1870). Both, are said to have "mystical experiences" on the mountain.
Josep Torras I Bages (Cabanyes, Catalonia, 1846 - Vic, Catalonia, 1916). Bishop of Vic and religious writter, that was very fond od Montserrat.
Mossén Jacint Verdaguer (Folgueroles, Catalonia, 1845 - Sarrià, Catalonia, 1902). Priest and the most important Catalan poet, that wrote Montserrat hymn, the Virolai.
The Virgin of Montserrat image in two sizes. A big. bicolour one and another, smaller in one ink.
A view of the mountain, a rock with some climbers and one of the many hermits that are on the mountain.
All cinderella were issued perforated, but imperforate also exist.
Text is in Latin. As Catalan language was prohibited by Franco's fascist regime, and they didn't want to use the compulsory Spanish language; they preferred to use Latin, by then the official Catholic Church language, that not even Franco dared to ban.
All but the Virgin small cinderella, have printed on the back the apportation: 0.50 pta for the Virgin cinderella and 0.25 pta for the others. In nowadays money, 0.5 pta should be about 1.20 € (1.6 US$).
Sorry for the, too long, explanation.