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Czech Stamp Engravers

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Czech Republic
615 Posts
Posted 04/23/2019   09:16 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add florian to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
lithograving - Having immensely enjoyed your splendid scans at high resolution of great stamp art from Austria to France I knew that some of the best examples of Czechoslovakian specimens that bring back memories to me as real revelations to the lovers of the beautiful in the art of stamp design, engraving, and printing and which I have never seen in your quality on various forums would never be wasted on you.

Thank you very much indeed!
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Canada
5020 Posts
Posted 04/23/2019   8:52 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add lithograving to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Thank you Florian for your kind words.
Czech multicolour engraved stamp production was and still is unique.
The engravers are of the highest quality.

Here are some more from Florian.

Designer & Engraver : Jiri Svengsbir

Printing process : multicolour engraving from flat plates

Butterflies and Moths 1966

Scott 1391 – 1396







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Posted 04/23/2019   8:57 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add lithograving to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Czechoslovakia 1983

5th Anniversary of Czechoslovakia -USSR
Intercosmos Cooperative Space Program


Designer : Vladimir Kovarik

Engraver : Miloš Ondracek

Scott 2455



Scott 2455a

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Pillar Of The Community
Czech Republic
615 Posts
Posted 05/13/2019   05:34 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add florian to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Just a minor correction concerning http://goscf.com/t/61374&whichpage=6#591408 : The 1966 Butterflies & Moths set was designed by Jiri Svengsbir, who also engraved the 30 h, 1 Kčs, 1.20 Kčs, and 2 Kčs values. The 60 h and 80 h ones were, however, engraved by Josef Hercik, who remained anonymous. That was why Jiří Švengsbír's name was not followed by the Del. Sc. abbreviation. Sharing engraving work on extensive projects by a single renowned designer used to be common practice for engravers.

The fact that the 60 h and 80 h values were engraved by Josef Herčík was announced in the Czechoslovak Posts gazette as quoted on p.17/24 of http://knihovna.filaso.cz/filatelie_1966_10.pdf .

The then new issues commentator Helena Klečková referring to the fact said in the last but one paragraph of her commentary on p. 8/24 of http://knihovna.filaso.cz/filatelie_1966_10.pdf :

Emise s obrazy motýlů je tištěna čtyřbarevným ocelotiskem z plochy.
The Butterflies and Moths issue was printed by four-colour recess print from flat plates.
Autor Jiří Švengsbír zpracoval rytecky čtyři známky a navrhl a vyryl tři obálky prvního dne.
Its designer Jiří Švengsbír engraved four of the stamps and designed and engraved the three FDCs.
Dvě známky - hodnoty 60 h a 80 h - vyryl Josef Herčík.
Two of the stamps (the 60 h and 80 h values) were engraved by Josef Herčík.

See also https://www.filaso.cz/katalog-znamk.../1966-motyli and remember to click on the FDC icons.

A similar case happened to the 1970 House Signs set (Sc. # 6098 - 1703), which was designed by Jiri Svengsbir, who engraved only those values bearing Del. Sc. after his name, that is the 40 h, 1 Kčs, and 1.80 Kčs ones even though https://www.filaso.cz/katalog-znamk...ni-a-portaly fails to make a note of the fact.

http://knihovna.filaso.cz/filatelie_1970_18.pdf reporting the communication of Czech Post, however, said that the stamp designs were by Jiri Svengsbir but their engravings were executed by the designer in collaboration with the engravers Josef Hercik (IMO 60 h), Bedrich Housa (IMO 1.60 Kčs), and Milos Ondracek (IMO 1.40 Kčs) respectively.
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Edited by florian - 05/13/2019 06:02 am
Pillar Of The Community
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Posted 05/13/2019   3:32 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add lithograving to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Florian, thank you for the additional details about
the 1966 Butterflies & Moths set.

Also your information regarding who really engraved 3 out
the six 1970 House Signs set is totally new to me.

Designer : Jiri Svengsbir

Engravers : Jiri Svengsbir (40 h,1K,1.80K) Josef Hercik (60h), Milos Ondracek (1.40K), Bedrich Housa (1.60K)

Printing process : Combination 1 colour (black)engraved & multicolour
photogravure.

Scott 1698 - 1703






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Pillar Of The Community
Czech Republic
615 Posts
Posted 05/14/2019   06:06 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add florian to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
lithograving - Thank you very much for the great scans above. Much appreciated.

Actually, there is at least one more set of stamps designed by Jiri Svengsbir among his favourite Pragensia motifs starting with the PRAGA 1950 issue (see https://www.filaso.cz/katalog-znamk...0-z-historie ), this time dedicated to Prague bridges (see https://www.filaso.cz/katalog-znamk...razske-mosty ), issued in 1978, where one of the stamps, the 5.40 Kčs value, was not engraved by Svengsbir himself, but by Josef Hercik as duly noted in the communication of Czech Post published on p. 27/36 of http://knihovna.filaso.cz/filatelie_1978_13.pdf but not elsewhere.

For Jiri Svengsbir's other graphic designs apart from stamps see e.g. https://sassmann.webnode.cz/jiri-a-svengsbir/ .

Here you can also find some other graphic artists working on postage stamps besides bookplates, woodcuts, etc. , such as Jaroslav Lukavský, designer and engraver of http://goscf.com/t/61374&whichpage=5#590577 , http://goscf.com/t/61374&whichpage=5#590578 , http://goscf.com/t/61374&whichpage=3#570924 (see https://sassmann.webnode.cz/exlibri...ky-jaroslav/ ) or the painter, illustrator, graphic designer of http://goscf.com/t/61374&whichpage=2#560200 , http://goscf.com/t/61374&whichpage=2#560074 , http://goscf.com/t/61374&whichpage=4#573581 Josef Liesler (see https://sassmann.webnode.cz/exlibri...esler-josef/ ).
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Edited by florian - 05/14/2019 06:09 am
Pillar Of The Community
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5020 Posts
Posted 07/02/2019   4:08 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add lithograving to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Czechoslovakia 1974

Hydrological Decade (UNESCO), 1965-1974

Designer : Josef Liesler

Engravers : Josef Hercik (60h, 1,60K) Ladislav Jirka (1K) Jan Mracek(1,20K)
Jindra Schmidt (2K)

Printing process : multicolour engraving from flat plates

Scott 1931 - 1935

Water, the Source of Energy




Importance of water to agriculture




Study of Oceans




Hydrological Decade





Struggle for clean water





All values were issued in sheets of 4 as per example below.

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Edited by lithograving - 07/02/2019 4:12 pm
Pillar Of The Community
Czech Republic
615 Posts
Posted 08/13/2020   07:28 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add florian to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
In his declining years, Prof. Max Švabinský (1873 - 1962), a life-long admirer of the beauties of nature with a special passion for butterflies, reminiscing about the happy days of his summer stays in various parts of Czechoslovakia during his career of an artist, began designing a set of stamps depicting 8 butterflies and a moth in their natural setting against the blue skies and at sunset, each design full of poetic details, making the whole a true gem of the stamp art.

In 1963, Zuzana Švabinská, his stepdaughter, said that this last series of colour drawings in chalk of his was a graphic look back on the whole of his life: he not only featured his favourite butterflies (just with what pleasure and enthusiasm he worked on them!) but also included views of the landscapes that played an important part in his life as well as in his works of art.

Summers in the 1890s-1910s: 20h: the highlands around Kozlov near Litomyšl.
Summers in the 1920s: 40h: Libechov on the Elbe near Ríp Hill, 1 Kcs: Bezdez Castle, 2 Kcs: Bohemian Paradise.
Summers in the 1930s in Slovakia: 30h: Pohorelská Maša, 60h: Muránská vysocina, 15h: Low Tatras.
Summers in the 1940s - 1950s: 1.60 Kcs: anywhere in Czechoslovakia; 80h: Chodov (part of Prague): view from Švabinský's garden .

Each of these stamps was printed in pure four-colour steel engraving that had required the master engraver Jindra Schmidt (1897 - 1984) to engrave a separate die for each colour. The successive colours, beginning with the palest tint and ending with the darkest, were printed over each other on sheets of paper fed into the press by hand with maximum precision to ensure perfect register.

The set was printed on die stamp print presses, which produce outstanding, clean, crisp and detailed prints preserving the quality of the original engravings very faithfully.

Summers in the 1930s in Slovakia: 15h: Orange Tip - Low Tatras:


Summers in the 1890s-1910s: 20h: Southern Festoon - the highlands around Kozlov near Litomyšl:


Summers in the 1930s in Slovakia: 30h: Mountain Apollo - Pohorelská Maša:


Summers in the 1920s: 40h: Yellow Swallowtail - Libechov on the Elbe near Ríp Hill:


Summers in the 1930s in Slovakia: 60h: European Peacock - Muránská vysocina:


Summers in the 1940s - 1950s: 80h: Camberwell Beauty or Mourning Cloak - Chodov (part of Prague): view from Švabinský's garden


Summers in the 1920s: 1 Kcs: Blue Underwing - Bezdez Castle:


Summers in the 1940s - 1950s: 1.60 Kcs: Red Admiral - anywhere in Czechoslovakia:


Summers in the 1920s: 2 Kcs: Common Brimstone - Bohemian Paradise:


FDCs:








Images by courtesy of Ramon https://sellosyartistas.blogspot.co...latelia.html
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Edited by florian - 08/13/2020 09:25 am
Pillar Of The Community
Canada
5020 Posts
Posted 08/15/2020   2:20 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add lithograving to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Florian, thank you for all that interesting info
regarding the stamp designer Prof. Max Švabinský and also
the lengthy process involved in engraving and printing
these beautiful Czechoslovakian stamps.

Pity that there will be no more such stamps
printed in the future.

Another lost Art.

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Pillar Of The Community
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5020 Posts
Posted 08/15/2020   7:19 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add lithograving to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
This 1972 stamp was issued as part of the annual painting
set but it was also the 10th anniversary of Prof. Max Švabinský's death.
(1873 - 1962)

It was engraved by Jindra Schmidt who collaborated with the designer
Švabinský on many stamps.
Note also that this is one of the few examples where Jindra Schmidt
includes his surname instead of his usual Jindra S.
Apparently he didn't like the German name Schmidt on Czechoslovakian
stamps but since Švabinský called him out on this many years ago
he included his full surname in his honour.

KYTICE 14 (Bouquet of Flowers) painting by Max Svabinsky.

Engraver : Jindra Schmidt

Printing process : multicolour engraving from flat plates

Scott 1847



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Pillar Of The Community
Canada
5020 Posts
Posted 08/15/2020   7:47 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add lithograving to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
This set was issued in 1973 for the 100th Anniversary of
the birth of Max Švabinský.
The engraver was Jindra Schmidt who again inscribed
his full name on the stamp. See post above.

Various works by Max Švabinský

Printing process : The 20h & 60h Combination litho and engraved.
The 89h and 1K one colour engraved.
The 2.60K,multicolour engraving from flat plates

Scott 1902 - 1906








Scott 1904 & 1905 where issued in sheets of 4.

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Pillar Of The Community
Canada
5020 Posts
Posted 08/15/2020   8:50 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add lithograving to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
CZECHOSLOVAKIA 1958

85th Birthday of Max Švabinský.(1873 - 1962)
painter and stamp designer

Designer : Max Švabinský

Engravers : Jindra Schmidt

Printing process : 1 colour engraved

The Artist and the Muse

Scott 877

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Pillar Of The Community
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5020 Posts
Posted 08/15/2020   8:56 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add lithograving to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
CZECHOSLOVAKIA 1958

40th Anniversary of the first Czechoslovakian postage stamp

Designer : Max Švabinský

Engraver : Jindra Schmidt



Printing process : 1 colour engraved

Scott 896

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5020 Posts
Posted 08/15/2020   9:03 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add lithograving to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
CZECHOSLOVAKIA 1959

10th anniversary of the signing of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Designer : Max Švabinský

Engraver : Jindra Schmidt

Printing process : 1 colour engraved

Scott 905 Equality of All Races



Scott 906 Peace

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Pillar Of The Community
Canada
5020 Posts
Posted 08/15/2020   9:27 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add lithograving to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
CZECHOSLOVAKIA 1959

Famous Czech and Slovak personalities.

Designers : Karel Svolinsky (20h & 1K) Max Švabinský ( 40h & 80h)

Engraver : Jindra Schmidt

Printing process : 1 colour engraved

Scott 921



Scott 923



Scott 925



Scott 926

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Edited by lithograving - 08/15/2020 9:50 pm
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