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An Example Of Aniline Ink

 
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Pillar Of The Community
Australia
1995 Posts
Posted 05/20/2010   09:27 am  Show Profile Check jubilee's eBay Listings Bookmark this topic Add jubilee to your friends list Get a Link to this Message
Aniline ink was an ink with a coal-tar base, that was designed to "bleed" to prevent re-use of a stamp.

This example is a 1d Universal from New Zealand, which shows the tell-tale reverse image of aniline ink.

Please show more aniline stamps in this thread if you have them.





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Posted 05/20/2010   9:46 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add rod222 to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply

Great thread topic Jubilee
Some floorsweepings from digging around in books,
This one from 1891

Get lost in athe absolute mystery and magnificence of coal-tar



Golden Days Magazine November 28 1891

SOMETHING ABOUT COAL-TAR.

---------------------------------------------------------------------
BY B. SHIPPEN, M. D.

---------------------------------------------------------------------
Most people know and dislike the odor of coal-tar, which is distilled from soft or bituminous coal in making gas, as
well as in other processes.

It seems to have been first collected by a German, named Stauf, in 1741. Of course there was no question of gas-making
then, and the German, who was more of an alchemist than a chemist, was looking for other things than the coal-oil
which he obtained.

The coarse oil which Stauf procured had little in it to his eye, but it contained, nevertheless, many bright and varied
colors, delicate perfumes, useful medicines and the sweetest product ever known to man.

From coal-tar is derived benzine and naphtha, and colors—especially purples—which are used in dyeing. From one ton
of good cannel coal, distilled in gas retorts, there comes ten thousand cubic feet of gas, twenty-five gallons of
ammoniacal liquor, thirty pounds of sulphate of ammonium, thirteen hundred weight of coke and twelve gallons of
coal-tar.

From this tar are produced a pound of benzine, a pound of toluene, a pound and a half of phenol, six pounds of
naphthalene, a small quantity of a material called xylene and half a pound of anthracene, which is used in dyeing.

From benzine are derived fine shades of yellows, browns, oranges, blues, violets and greens; from the toluene are
obtained magentas and rich blues; from phenol, beautiful reds; from naphthalene, reds, yellows and blues; from xylene,
brilliant scarlets, and from anthracene, yellows and browns.

Out of one pound weight of cannel coal can be produced dyes sufficient to color the following lengths of flannel, three
quarters of a yard wide: Eight inches of magenta, two feet of violet, five feet of yellow, three and a half feet of scarlet,
two inches of orange and four inches of Turkey red.

There are immense varieties of these colors, and the best part about them is that no illness comes to the hands employed
in mixing or using them, as is the case with some other dyes.

Some years ago, quinine became very dear, but it had no equal as a medicine for certain purposes, and so experiments
were made to produce artificial quinine by chemical means. In this way "kairene" and "quinoline" were produced, at
about half the price of quinine. But the most important result of the search was the discovery of anti-pyrine, which is
extensively used in high fevers.

Coal-tar is about the last substance from which a sweet perfume could be expected, and yet it gives many. All the
"extract of new-mown hay" now comes from it. This lovely scent used to be produced, at great expense, from scented
grasses. Then there is the scent of vanilla, and the growers of the vanilla bean have lost greatly in consequence. There is
also heliotrope perfume prepared from coal-tar, and other extracts for scenting toilet soaps.

But the most remarkable of all the products of coal-tar is saccharine, which was first discovered by Fahlberg, a German,
who was conducting experiments in coal-tar under the direction of Professor Remsen, of the Johns Hopkins University,
in Baltimore.

This substance is infinitely sweeter than any cane-sugar—more than two hundred times as sweet—so that the smallest
drop sweetens more than a tablespoonful of sugar. But it does not nourish like cane or beet sugar, while at the same
time it is not injurious, and it preserves fruit perfectly.

Persons suffering from certain diseases, when sugar in any form cannot be taken, can have their diet rendered much
more acceptable by the use of saccharine. The taste is very pure, and more quickly communicated to the palate than that
of cane-sugar.

It seems wonderful that from a substance which, a generation ago, was used only as wagon grease and for kindling fires,
such colors, medicines, perfumes and sweetness should be extracted!

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Posted 05/20/2010   10:05 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add rod222 to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
SG0087 (1882) T0024 09p qv [0m1] analine carmine

Based on the Postmark it can only be 6-7 letters
so it must be one of these

Chirai city State of Rajasthan India
Chirak city State of Punjab India
Chiral city State of Jammu and Kashmir India





Poonch:


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Edited by rod222 - 05/20/2010 10:27 pm
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Posted 05/20/2010   10:39 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add BeeSee to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
We need Tony and Spock to debate the Pooonch
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BeeSee in BC
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Posted 05/20/2010   11:18 pm  Show Profile Check jubilee's eBay Listings Bookmark this reply Add jubilee to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
What? And hijack another thread?
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Posted 05/20/2010   11:21 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add rod222 to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
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Posted 05/21/2010   08:15 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add rod222 to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply


This adequately illustrates the danger of aniline ink and moisture,

King Francis Joseph has popped across to another page
and left his "1" behind.



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Posted 05/21/2010   08:23 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add rod222 to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply


Would patrons please engage their safety goggles

Selangor :

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Pillar Of The Community
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Posted 05/21/2010   08:49 am  Show Profile Check jubilee's eBay Listings Bookmark this reply Add jubilee to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Nice work Rod! Sunnies on.....
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Posted 05/21/2010   09:00 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add BeeSee to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
That album image is amazing Rod!
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BeeSee in BC
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Posted 05/21/2010   09:31 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add rod222 to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
I must have thought so too :) I scanned it.
I bought the album about 5 years ago at a furniture auction
It must have been stored in a garage..it had that "damp" smell as I recall,
some nice Hungarian issues.
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Posted 05/21/2010   10:25 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add tonymacg to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Rodney has hijacked my Poonch already. No need to hijack it further.
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Posted 05/21/2010   10:38 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add rod222 to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
I thought you had missed the thread Tony :)
Nice to see you hanging around the "other" stamps.
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737 Posts
Posted 05/22/2010   05:02 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add Ryan to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
This 1938 $1 definitive from Canada was released with both aniline and normal ink. As far as I recall, it is the only aniline ink stamp listed in the Unitrade specialized catalogue. The aniline ink variety will stain through the stamp when soaked, I have copies with a very strong blur of purple on the back. This mint copy shows some print-through, but not nearly as strong as on a soaked used copy. The aniline ink shows a low amount of fluorescence as well.





There are also a number of stamps found with aniline ink that are not listed in Unitrade. Here's a copy of a 1965 Christmas stamp with a very strong amount of print-through.





Ryan
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Posted 05/22/2010   05:18 am  Show Profile Check jubilee's eBay Listings Bookmark this reply Add jubilee to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply
Great images Ryan. I notice that SG doesn't mention either as aniline
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Posted 05/22/2010   08:17 am  Show Profile Check KGV Collector's eBay Listings Bookmark this reply Add KGV Collector to your friends list  Get a Link to this Reply


Aniline inks of the Australian K.G.V penny reds can turn a collector into a sobbing hysterical psychotic mess at best.

This example is from the wetness of the postmark that has bled the stamp ink through to the back of the stamp. I cannot say any more.
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